Download a commemorative 25th anniversary STATEMAP Field Calendar here:
We are celebrating the 25th year of detailed geologic mapping in Arkansas made possible by the passage of the National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992. It established STATEMAP which distributes funds to the states, typically geological surveys, in the form of cooperative grants which are used to partially fund various geologic mapping projects. The first grant received by the Arkansas Geological Survey, then known as the Arkansas Geological Commission, was for a proposal in fiscal year 1994. Since that time, seventy-eight 1:24,000-scale geologic maps have been completed, with two more on the way this year. Two maps at the 1:100,000-scale have also been published. This marks an unprecedented commitment to gathering data about the surface of the earth in our state. Following is a factsheet summarizing the STATEMAP projects in Arkansas since 1994.
Here is the law establishing STATEMAP:
National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992
PUBLIC LAW 102-285
signed May 18, 1992
To enhance geologic mapping of the United States, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
43 USC section 31a. Findings and purpose
The Congress finds and declares that–
(1) during the past 2 decades, the production of geologic maps has been drastically curtailed;
(2) geologic maps are the primary data base for virtually all applied and basic earth-science applications, including–
(A) exploration for and development of mineral, energy, and water resources:
(B) screening and characterizing sites for toxic and nuclear waste disposal;
(C) land use evaluation and planning for environmental protection;
(D) earthquake hazards reduction;
(E) predicting volcanic hazards;
(F) design and construction of infrastructure requirements such as utility lifelines, transportation corridors, and surface-water impoundments;
(G) reducing losses from landslides and other ground failures;
(H) mitigating effects of coastal and stream erosion;
(I) siting of critical facilities; and
(J) basic earth-science research;
(3) Federal agencies, State and local governments, private industry, and the general public depend on the information provided by geologic maps to determine the extent of potential environmental damage before embarking on projects that could lead to preventable, costly environmental problems or litigation;
(4) the combined capabilities of State, Federal, and academic groups to provide geologic mapping are not sufficient to meet the present and future needs of the United States for national security, environmental protection, and energy self-sufficiency of the Nation;
(5) States are willing to contribute 50 percent of the funding necessary to complete the mapping of the geology within the State;
(6) the lack of proper geologic maps has led to the poor design of such structures as dams and waste-disposal facilities;
(7) geologic maps have proven indispensable in the search for needed fossil-fuel and mineral resources; and
(8) a comprehensive nationwide program of geologic mapping is required in order to systematically build the Nation’s geologic-map data base at a pace that responds to increasing demand.
The purpose of sections 31a to 31h of this title is to expedite the production of a geologic-map data base for the Nation, to be located within the United States Geological Survey, which can be applied to land-use management, assessment, and utilization, conservation of natural resources, groundwater management, and environmental protection.
section 31c. Geologic mapping program
(c) Program objectives
The objectives of the geologic mapping program shall include–
(1) determining the Nation’s geologic framework through systematic development of geologic maps at scales appropriate to the geologic setting and the perceived applications, such maps to be contributed to the national geologic map data base;
(2) development of a complementary national geophysical-map data base, geochemical-map data base, and a geochronologic and paleontologic data base that provide value-added descriptive and interpretive information to the geologic-map data base;
(3) application of cost-effective mapping techniques that assemble, produce, translate and disseminate geologic-map information and that render such information of greater application and benefit to the public; and
(4) development of public awareness for the role and application of geologic-map information to the resolution of national issues of land use management.
(d) Program components
(3) A State geologic mapping component, whose objective shall be determining the geologic framework of areas that the State geological surveys determine to be vital to the economic, social, or scientific welfare of individual States. Mapping priorities shall be determined by multirepresentational State panels and shall be integrated with national priorities. Federal funding for the State component shall be matched on a one-to-one basis with non-Federal funds.