Even though they might look like it, those crystals in the picture above didn’t come out of a dog’s mouth. They are crystals of dogtooth calcite. Calcite (CaCO3) is the primary mineral that makes up limestone. It occurs in several crystal shapes. The two most commonly found in Arkansas are 6 sided rhombohedrons and the scalenohedral shape you see above. When it forms in this scalenohedral crystal structure it is called “dogtooth spar”.
Calcite is a very common mineral, but this particular crystal form of the mineral is typically only found in Arkansas in conjunction with the minerals sphalerite (zinc ore) and galena (lead ore) in the lead and zinc districts. Calcite is also a polymorph, like the mineral brookite from a previous geo-pic. This means calcite has “sister” minerals with the same chemical composition, but differing crystal structures. The three polymorphs of CaCO3 are: calcite, aragonite, and vaterite.
Above is a picture of the State Mineral of Arkansas, quartz. Quartz crystals are found in the Ouachita Mountains from Little Rock to Oklahoma. The crystals grew in fractures and vugs in the sandstone and shale as hot, mineral-rich water from the compression of the Ouachita Mountains circulated through the bedrock around 260 million years ago.
Like all crystals, quartz grows in a distinct shape. The six-sided shape of quartz is due to the arrangement of the molecules (SiO2) that comprise it, which pack together in this shape naturally. Quartz crystals are prized for their beauty, but are also useful in devices, such as radios and clocks, because of their electrical properties.
Mineral collectors flock to Arkansas for a chance to find world-class quartz crystals. There are 7 locations around the Ouachitas where you can prospect for quartz crystals for a fee.
For more views of Arkansas quartz crystals click here