Chalybeate (pronounced ka-lib-e-it), or mineral springs, is a term used when water is highly saturated with iron that precipitates out of solution forming an iron-rich stain along the surface of an outcrop. These iron-rich waters are in solution until reaching the surface, where the iron becomes oxidized, forming an iron coating along the water’s path. The different colors are a result of the different oxidation states of iron. At one time, these mineral springs were believed to have healing powers with many health benefits. Unfortunately, these springs simply leave you with a lingering iron taste with no health benefits, but do provide an aesthetically pleasing photo opportunity.